Since 2005 ProAves has been working on the design and establishment of conservation corridors to ensure the sustainability of biodiversity in different parts of the country. This connectivity is referred to the link or nexus which facilitates the movement of organisms between forest blocks or islands, or, in some cases, between nature reserves.
In a corridor, connectivity is promoted through spatial arrangements and elements in the landscape. A landscape with high connectivity is one in which individuals of a species can move freely among habitats that they require to feed and to protect themselves (Bennett, 2004).
A biological corridor is a territorial matrix or mosaic of land uses that connecting fragments of natural ecosystems across the landscape (Conservation International, 2000). Based on this and with the support of other organizations such as Conservacion Internacional, American Bird Conservancy, Loro Parque Fundación and World Land Trust Three corridors have been established in different parts of the country to promote connectivity and thus the conservation of threatened bird species and other groups of animals found in the region.
The conservation corridors established:
- Corredor Pangán which is within the Corredor Chocó – Manabi, contributing to the establishment of El Pangán ProAves Reserve, conserving montane forest ecosystems.
- Corredor Loros Andinos which is located in the towns of Roncesvalles (Tolima) and Genoa (Quindío), conserving rainforest ecosystems and high Andean plateau.
- Corredor Reinita Cielo Azul located in the town of San Vicente de Chucurí, Betulia and Zapatoca (Santander), conserving rainforest and dry forest ecosystems.