Fundación ProAves – por la conservación en el país de las aves


30 November, 2005


The program has adapted a monitoring protocol that includes standardized methods needed to evaluate the effectiveness of conservation and management actions in Colombia and Latin.

The methods used by the program were reached through a workshop with the participation of representatives of ornithological organizations, academic and national network of bird watchers in September 2005.

The data recorded by the program are constantly monitoring and adjustment process to ensure their quality. With the support and experience of the Klamath Bird Observatory banders will design a monitoring protocol, set to answer basic questions of ecology of species of migratory and resident birds in the neotropics.

Methods and definitions


A location identified National Parks, Nature Reserves, Biological Station or any other location where you will find one or up to three stations operated by a single coordinator. The names used for the localities must be unique.


A station is defined as a discrete area of ??study selected by type of vegetation and / or its altitudinal range, it contains the location of two series of mist nets and a number of point counts that should remain fixed and constant over the duration of monitoring. The station names are unique within a location, often a prominent geographical feature, a nearby town, provide a good source for the stations.

Network Series

Networking group located along a fixed route within a season. Usually must attempt to install all in one line networks to ensure greater success of catch and exchange each month a series of network location to prevent the birds learn to avoid them.

Study period

To cover the period of bird migration as well as monitoring of resident birds, catches are made throughout all twelve months of the year.


A total of 15 mist nets of 12mm and a 16mm eye mesh are installed at each station for three days, from sunrise for a period of six consecutive hours and / or up to 810 hours / network location and a total of 7290 hours / net month.

Point counts

A total of 20 point counts for each station are tours every month by researchers for a total of 180 counts of points per month.

The points are located at each station along transects delimited 2-2.5 km at least 200m apart from each other. Every day we take into account reverse the order of the counts to ensure that each of them sampled at different times. In each round are recorded minimal data for observations such as, time, species, number of individuals, distance, height, type of record (visual / auditory), and any relevant information on reproduction, behavior etc. The location of each point is given by its coordinates.

Observations on transects

On each traverse distance between a point and one count along transects, in order to increase inventories of species for each monitoring station recorded all species observed.

Conservation International Colombia

5 to 9 September 2003

The methodology implemented in the program was established in Bird Monitoring Methodology Workshop held in 5 to 9 September 2003 at the premises of Conservation International Colombia.

Was attended by representatives of several ornithological associations (Ornithological Society of Antioquia – ODS Ornithological Foundation Sierra Nevada – Fosina, GEMAVIC Group at the University of Cauca, Colombian Association of Ornithology – ACO, Bogotá Ornithological Association – ABO), the Institute of Natural Sciences Universidad Nacional de Colombia – ICN, the National Birding – RNOA, Conservation International and the Foundation ProAves and short-listed by open invitation to assume the coordination of monitoring stations.

For two days was defined as a methodology in the monitoring program as an exercise in consensus covering issues such as sampling effort, sampling rate, variables to measure and standardize methods of measurement. The next two days were used to train researchers in monitoring techniques in a workshop on the outskirts of the city, as a result is published and disseminated a standardized protocol for making between researchers and the general public.