Date created: 2009
Area: 1.246 hectares
Temperature: Between 68 and 78 °F
Weather: Bimodal precipitation
Altitudinal range: Between 310 – 1,410 AMSL
Key species: the Niceforo’s Wren (Triophyllus nicefori) and the Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia castaneiventris).
It has two species of endemic and threatened birds of the Chicamocha Canyon: the Niceforo’s Wren (Triophyllus nicefori) and the Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird (Amazilia castaneiventris), two species and three subspecies of endemic birds and a threatened cactus species.
There are also endemic species such as: Ortalis colombiana, Myarchus apicalis and some endemic subspecies such as: Momotus momota olivaresii, Arremon schlegeli canidorsum and Campilorhynchus bicolor. There are also threatened plant species such as Zamia encephalartoidesand and Cavanillesia chicamocha.
The Reserve is located in the municipality of Zapatoca, 60 km from Bucaramanga, Santander department, via Chocoa-Girón. This reserve has well-preserved forest fragments despite overgrazing by goats. (See map).
The Reserve is located on the Sogamoso river basin, and very close to the confluence of the Suárez and Chicamocha rivers, which form it. The soils are dry, rocky, relatively infertile and highly eroded. These semi-arid characteristics are the result of different geological, climatic and anthropogenic factors.